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The Ethics Of Using Medical Data From Nazi Experiments
Baruch C. Cohen, Esq.
Baruch C. Cohen, Esq.


  1. Baruch C. Cohen's practice includes all aspects of creditors' and debtors' rights, corporate reorganizations, personal bankruptcies, and all types of bankruptcy litigation in state, federal and bankruptcy courts. Mr. Cohen is admitted to practice before all California state courts, the United States Court of Appeals - Ninth Judicial Circuit, the Bankruptcy Appellate Panel, the United States District Courts for the Central, Eastern, Northern and Southern Districts of California.
  2. R.J. Lifton, The Nazi Doctors, Medical Killing & The Psychology of Genocide, New York; Basic Books, 1986
  3. J.S. Hayward, Physiological Responses & Survival Time Prediction for Humans in Ice Water, Aviation Space & Environmental Medicine, March, 1984, 55(3):206-12
  4. J. Boozer, The Political, Moral & Professional Implications of the "Justifications" by German Doctors for Lethal Medical Actions, 1938-1945.
  5. L.J. Hoenig, MD, The Nazi Medical Crimes, Medical Times, July, 1987, pp 93-104
  6. H.M. Spiro, MD, Eppinger of Vienna: Scientist & Villain? Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology 6:493-497, 1984
  7. Alexander, Medical Science Under Dictatorship, The New England Journal of Medicine, July 14, 1949, Volume 241, number 2
  8. Z. Ury, Understanding the Shoah, The Jewish Parent Magazine, January, 1975, Torah Umesorah Publications
  9. R.J. Lifton, Medicalized Killing in Auschwitz, Psychiatry, 1982, Volume 45 pp. 283-297
  10. W.E. Seidelman, MD, The Professional Origins of Dr. Joseph Mengele, Canadian Medical Association, December 1, 1985, Volume 133, pp 1169-1171
  11. Pozos' Dilemma, CBS Radio Network, "Newsmark," Bill Lynch Reporting, June 17, 1988
  12. L. Alexander, The Treatment of Shock from Prolonged Exposure to Cold, Especially in Water, Combined Intelligence Objectives Subcommittee, Item No. 24, File No. XXVI-37, pp 1-228, July, 1945
  13. R.M. Harnett, J.R. Pruitt, & F.R. Sias, A Review of the Literature Concerning Resuscitation from Hypothermia: Part 1 -- The Problem & General Approaches, Aviation Space & Environmental Medicine, May, 1983, 54 (5) 425-434
  14. B. Siegel, Can Evil Beget Good? Nazi Data: A Dilemma for Science, Los Angeles Times, Sunday, October 30, 1988
  15. K. Moe, Should the Nazi Research Data be Cited? Hasting Center Report, December, 1984 pp 5-7
  16. M. Sun, EPA Bars Use of Nazi Data, Science Magazine, American Association for the Advancement of Science, April 1, 1988, Volume 240, Number 4848
  17. J. Vandenberg, Interim Phosgene Exposure & Risk Analysis, Memorandum of the EPA, November 5, 1987
  18. P. Shabecoff, Head of the EPA Bars Nazi Data in Study on Gas, New York Times, Wednesday, March 23, 1988
  19. Mathematical Dose-Response Modeling of Health Effects Potentially Resulting from Air Emissions of Phosgene, Prepared for the EPA, by ICF-Clement, Washington, D.C.
  20. Letter to EPA Chief Administrator Lee Thomas, March 15, 1988
  21. The Brains of the Vogt Collection, Archives of General Psychiatry, August, 1988
  22. Letter to the Editor, Elliot Gershon, MD & Margaret Hoehe, MD, Archives of General Psychology, Volume 45, No. 8
  23. J. Katz, Nazi Data Too Bloody to Touch, Los Angeles Herald Examiner, Thursday, January 23, 1988
  24. Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council, United States Government Printing Office, 1949-1953
  25. W.E. Seidelman, Mengele Medicus: Medicine's Nazi Heritage, The Milbank Quarterly, Volume 66, number 2, 1988
  26. G. Schwarberg, The Murders at Bullenhauser Dam, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1984
  27. W.L. Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, Greenwich, Conn: Fawcett, 1962
  28. A. Mitscherlich & F. Mielke, The Death Doctors, Doctors of Infamy, London, Elek Books, 1962
  29. R. Proctor, Racial Hygiene: Medicine Under the Nazis, Harvard University Press, 1988, p 221
  30. J. Mengele, Rassenmorphologische Undersuchung des Vorderen Unterkieferabscnittes bei vier rassischen Gruppen, Morphologisches Jahrbuch 79:60-117
  31. Oftentimes, good is not supposed to emerge from bad. The Book of Samuel (15:1) related the episode in which God commissioned King Saul to destroy the Amalekite nation, their King, Agag, and all of their property. Saul violated God's command and spared the best of the Amalekite sheep. The Prophet Samuel rebuked Saul and informed him of God's decision to reject Saul as King of Israel. Saul defended his actions by re-emphasizing that he spared the Amalekite sheep in order to sacrifice it upon the alter of God. Samuel countered: "Does the Lord find delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as he does in obedience to his word? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken better than the fat of rams." God's message was clear. Not even the King of Israel had the right to select the good from the evil of Amalekite. How much more so then from the evil of Nazism.
  32. Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Sanhedrin, (74a)
  33. Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Sanhedrin, (74a)
  34. Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Pesachim, (56a)
  35. King Hezekiah was afflicted with a deadly illness (leprosy) as punishment for remaining unmarried; Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Semachot, (47a).
  36. R. Martin, Using Nazi Scientific Data, Dialogue XXV (1986) 403-411
  37. A. Schafer, Using Nazi Data: The Case Against, Dialogue XXV (1986) 413-419
  38. The Exclusionary Rule in its pristine form stood for the proposition that evidence acquired by the police as a result of torture would be excluded from presentation at trial, no matter how critical to the case it may be.
  39. H.K. Beecher, Ethics & Clinical Research, New England Journal of Medicine, June 16, 1966, pp 1354-1360
  40. Even in America, the most disturbing but not surprising expression of Holocaust apathy was when Democratic Presidential Candidate Jesse Jackson complained of "having enough of the Holocaust." I. Zeldin, Plans for Jesse Jackson, The Jewish Journal.
  41. H.M. Hanauski-Abel, From Nazi Holocaust to Nuclear Holocaust: A Lesson to Learn? The Lancet, August 2, 1988
  42. Minnesota Scientist Plans to Publish Nazi Experiment on Freezing, Associated Press, The New York Times, Thursday, May 12, 1988
  43. H. Spiro, Let Nazi Medical Data Remind Us of Evil, Letter to the Editor, The New York Times, Dated March 24, 1988
  44. I. Jakobivitz, Some Modern Response on Medical-Moral Problems, Jewish Medical Ethics, Volume No. 1, May, 1988


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