-- Kashrut -- Commercial
Kashrut -- Commercial
- People v. Goldberger, People v. Schwartz
- People v. Goldberger
- People v. Atlas
170 NYS 834, 183 App.Div. 595 (1 Dept. 1918)
- Same points as "Goldberger"
- Kashrut statute is not unduly oppressive because prosecutor must show intent to defraud.
- Hygrade Provision Co. v. Sherman
266 US 497, 69 L Ed 402, 45 S Ct 141 (1925)
- Regulation of use of the word "kosher" does not violate 14th amendment.
- Cohen v. Silver
277 Mass 230, 178 NE 508 (Supreme Judicial Court, 1931)
- Member of congregation must conform to canons of Hebrew faith touching that subject if
he desires to continue kosher meat business under religious sanction.
- Member of Jewish congregation undertaking to sell kosher meat implies consent to abide
by decisions of religious tribunals and must do so.
- People v. Jacob Branfman & Son
263 NYS 629, 147 Misc 290 (City Court, 1933)
- "Expose for sale" in kashrut law means "to have in stock" even if
- S.S. & B. Live Poultry Corp. v. Kashrut Ass'n of Greater NY
158 Misc. 358, 285 N.Y.S. 879 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. City, 1936)
- Bet Din had the right to issue an issur against buying chickens from any butcher who did
not attach a plumba to his chickens.
- People v. Gordon
14 NYS2d 333, 172 Misc 543 (Sp.Sess. 1939)
- False representation and intent to defraud are necessary for conviction.
- A decree adopted by Rabbinical Board of Greater N.Y. requiring that a seal be attached
to all kosher meat is incorporated by reference into statute.
- Kashrut statute is not unconstitutional.
- Greenwald v. Noyes
17 NYS2d 707, 172 Misc2d 1088 (S.Ct. Albany County, 1939)
- Whether absence of "plumba" violates law must be independently established in
- People v. Gordon
16 NYS2d 833, 258 App.Div. 421 (2 Dept, 1940)
- If chicken slaughtered outside NY is kosher without plumba then identical chicken is
kosher without plumba when slaughtered in NY.
- Cabinet v. Shapiro
86 A.2d 314, 17 NJ Super 540 (1952)
- Court cannot decide what is or is not kosher.
- Court can determine matters of civil and property rights even though such rights involve
- Poultry which would otherwise be kosher does not become non-kosher solely because its
hashgacha is not universally accepted.
- Erlich v. Municipal Court
360 P2d 334 (1961), 11 CalRptr 759
- Definition "Every Jewish law and custom" (in Deering's California Penal Code
383b) means generally accepted Orthodox Hebrew practices.
- Glickman v. Glasner
40 Cal.Rptr. 719 (Dist.Ct. of Appeals, 2 Dist., 1964)
- Kosher Food Law Representative's publication of letter indicating that certain shochtim
had been disqualified by Rabbinate did not make him liable for libel damages.
- West Coast Poultry v. Glasner
42 Cal.Rptr. 297 (Dist.Ct. of Appeals, 2 Dist., 1965)
- Court would not rule that defendant was not Orthodox rabbi.
- United Kosher Butcher Ass'n v. Associated Synagogues
- Sossins Systems, Inc. v. City of Miami Beach
262 So.2d 28 (3 District, 1972)
- Kashrut law not unconstitutional.
- Jones v. Butz
374 F. Supp. 1284 (S.D.N.Y. 1974); aff'd, 95 S.Ct. 22 319 US 806, 42 L.Ed.2d 806 (1974)
- Humane Slaughter Act (7 U.S.C. section 1901) is not unconstitutional although it permits
actions for purposes of ritual slaughter which it otherwise forbids.
- State v. Glassman
441 NYS2d 346, 109 Misc2d 1088 (Sullivan County, 1981)
- Defendant did not violate kashrut law by listing "kosher salami" on coffee
shop menu because he meant "kosher style" or "kosher quality" and did
not intend to defraud.
- Korn v. Rabbinical Council of California
195 Cal.Rptr 910, 148 Cal.App.3d 588 (Court of Appeals, 1983)
- Determination of what is kosher and who may give certification is ecclesiastical matter.
- Brach's Meat Market v. Abrams,
- Aurora Packing Co. v. National Labor Relations Board,
- Ashkenazy v. I Rokeach & Sons, Inc.,
- Storck USA v. Levy,
- National Jewish Commission on Law & Public Affairs v. Ran-Dav's County Kosher
507 U.S. 952, 113 S. Ct. 1366 (1993)
243 N.J. Super 1232, 579 A. 2d 316 (Superior Ct. Appellate Div 1990)
129 NJ 141, 608 A. 2d 1353
- Bloss v. Va'ad Harabonim of Riverdale,
203 A.D. 2d 36, 610 N.Y.S. 2d 197 (First Dept. 1994)
- Summary judgement for Defendant reversed
- Barghout v. Bureau of Kosher Meat & Food Control,
66 F. 3d 1337 (4th Cir. 1995)
Case Hist: 833 F. Supp. 540 (D. Md. 1993), 325 Md 311, 600 A. 2d 841 (Ct. App. Md. 1992)
- Baltimore municipal kosher food laws Unconstitutional.
- Commack Self Service Kosher Meats, Inc. v. Rubin,
- Perretti v. Ran-Dav's County Kosher Inc.,
289 N.J. Super 618, 674 A. 2d 647 (Superior Ct. Appellate Div 1996)
- NJ Kosher Laws violated Establishment clauses of the Federal and New Jersey
- Levy v. Kosher Overseers Association of America, Inc.,
- Commack Self-Service Kosher Meats v. Rubin
986 F. Supp. 153 (E.D.N.Y. 1997), No. 96 CV 0179 (NG). Dated: December 15, 1997.
Opinion by: J. Nina Gershon. See also Ran-Dav's County Kosher, Inc. v. New Jersey, 129
N.J. 141, 608 A.2d 1353 (1992), cert. denied, 507 U.S. 952, 113 S. Ct. 1366, 122 L. Ed. 2d
744 (1993), holding the New Jersey Kosher regulations unconstitutional.
- New York Kosher Law; federal district refuses to abstain from adjudicating the
constitutionality of the law.